Almeria is a Spanish city and municipality, capital of the province with the same name as Andalusia. It is also the nerve centre of the Almeria Metropolitan Region. In the extreme southeast of the Iberian Peninsula and the tourist region of Almería-Cabo de Gata-Níjar.
It is surrounded by the Sierra de Gádor to the west. In the north Sierra Alhamilla and in the east the valley and delta of the river Andarax. And, beyond, a plain that culminates in the Sierra de Cabo de Gata. To the south, its port and coastline open up to a wide bay on the Mediterranean Sea.
The city of Almeria occupies the coastal plain of alluvium that forms the delta of the river Andarax. This is between the Mediterranean and the foothills of the Sierra de Gádor and the right bank of the river. In addition, the rest of the municipality extends over the low fertile plain of the river and the plains to the east of it. These extend to the foothills of the Sierra de Cabo de Gata to the east. And those of sierra Alhamilla by the north and northeast. The complex is therefore included in the southeastern foothills of the Penibetic mountain range.
The consistory is located to a height of 16 msnm, although more elevated points exist in the city. Like the hill of the Alcazaba (about 60 meters above sea level) or the hill of Torrecárdenas (about 120 meters above sea level). In addition, in the rest of the district, there are higher points in the foothills of the mountains.
Its origin was in 955 AD thanks to Abderramán III. It is in a place previously dominated by other cities like the Iberian Urci or the Roman Portus Magnus. It also played a fundamental role during the Caliphate of Cordoba. Because it became the most important port of al-Andalus Umayyad. And it also reached its maximum splendour during the Taifa, in the 11th century. It became a commercial and cultural emporium during the time of Almotacín.
But after its incorporation to Castile in 1489, the population was decimated by earthquakes, plagues and piracy. The recovery was not evident until the end of the 19th century. Because then the mining and the export of the Ohanes grape resurged. Also since the 1960s, thanks to the explosion of intensive agriculture, tourism, construction and the marble industry.
Among its historical-artistic heritage, it is worth mentioning the Muslim Alcazaba (10th to 15th century). Also the cathedral-fortress of La Encarnación (16th century). In addition to the mineral loading dock or Cable Inglés (late nineteenth century), and the Museum of Almeria, reopened in 2006.
With a population on 31 December 2019 according to the National Institute of Statistics, of 198,533 inhabitants. It is a municipality of growing relevance in the economic, cultural and sports fields. It is also an important communications hub thanks to its port and its new international airport.
In addition, every visitor can find a reason to come to Almeria. Because it is not a coincidence that thousands of people from different parts of the peninsula choose Almería as their place of residence. Because walking through its streets we will discover a city rich in nuances, cheerful and rural, an Almeria of blinding light. Besides being warm, friendly and full of history.
In addition to the city of Almeria, within the municipality there are seventeen other population entities:
- The Alquián
- The Bobar
- Cabo de Gata
- La Cañada de San Urbano
- King’s Castle
- Caves of the Medinas
- Caves of the Úbedas
- La Garrofa
- Loma Cabrera
- The Mummy
- Morales Boulevard
You’re going through
To these we should also add the Isla de Alborán, which is part of the third district of the city of Almería. Which corresponds to the district of Pescadería, under a Royal Order issued by Alfonso XII in 1884. In addition, the island has no permanent population, because it houses a military detachment of 11 soldiers who are relieved.
Almeria and the Cinema
The film industry has had a prominent role in Almeria since the 1960s. Also like the rest of the province, it has been the scene of large international productions, such as
- Lawrence of Arabia
- The good, the Bad, the Ugly
- Conan the Barbarian (1982 film)
- For a fistull dollars more
- Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
- Exodus: Gods and Kings
Other initiatives such as the Almeria International Film Festival and the Casa del Cine are also the result of efforts to maintain the weight of the film industry.
As well as others such as the Almeria International Western Film Festival in Tabernas or the Albaida International Silent Film Festival.
Climate of Almeria
Almeria is dominated by the local steppe climate. There is little rainfall throughout the year. This location is classified as BSk by Köppen and Geiger. In Almeria, the average annual temperature is 17.9 ° C. The average rainfall is approximately 228 mm.
The driest month is July, with 1 mm. The highest amount of precipitation occurs in October, with an average of 31mm.
The hottest month of the year with an average temperature of 25.3 °C in August. The lowest average temperatures of the year occur in January, when it is around 11.8 ° C.
Gastronomy of Almeria
Almeria has been chosen for its “delicious and rich cousine offer” Spanish Capital of 2019, amazing products from the sea, and charcuterie, among others.
The Phoenician origin of the city and the passage of the different Mediterranean civilisations settled in it have influenced our gastronomy for centuries.
Since time immemorial, Almeria has generated an intimate communication between land and sea. It is, therefore, an agricultural and seafaring city.
The versatility of the ingredients of the sea or the fertile plain is manifested in the singularity of its dishes. Our recipes, tasty and healthy, are a living reflection of the different customs and popular traditions.
The richness and variety of fish and seafood provided by the Alboran Sea, which our fishermen so respectfully know how to catch, as well as the vegetables and fruit cultivated in the extensive Vega , are the protagonists of our cuisine.
Monuments of Almeria
It is the most visited and famous monument of downtown Almeria. The Alcazaba began in 955 when Almeria used to be called Medina city by Caliph of Cordoba. It was supposed to be the local goverment so it was built within a system of defensive towers and walls.
(Moorish Water Cisterns)
In the Muslim period pillars and fountains were built in Almeria due to lack of a water supply network. A water pipe was created from Alhadra area to the highest part of the city.The volume of water was around 630,000 litres. It was enough amount to fill all the wells and to supply the population of Almeria.
The 5 best restaurants in Almeria
Three friends with a long experience in the world of hospitality are responsible for El Chaflán. They began to dominate a sector that, for different reasons, led them to return to Spain at the same time.
“It was a bit risky: we didn’t want to lose the tradition of the typical tapas of the city, but we did want to give them a more original touch”.
Always under the influence of haute cuisine taken to a bite. That’s why they have a menu in which many dishes stand out and even make it difficult to choose. Their cuisine is based on seasonal products and daily preparations. That is why they sacrifice quantity for quality.
Manuela Marbacoa & Brasserie took its first steps at the end of September 2016 with a very clear idea: to propose an updated Mediterranean cuisine. Therefore, it offers a gastronomy with products of the area, traditional recipes and certain touches of renovation.
Its chef always gives a lot of love to the dish as well. Grilled knives, oysters and other seafood combine in the menu with classic fish such as the rooster pedro. And also grilled red mullets or different meats: from marinated ribs to a Mozarabic chicken. That’s why you have to pay attention to the suggestions of the day and the daily menu, which changes every day.
Our Land Tavern
On a corner of Jovellanos Street is this restaurant. In which gastronomy is understood in a different way. Because here the tapas are also the base. But many of them seek innovation, surprise, to go one step further. And always under the philosophy of slow food, with products of the land and quality.
Besides, this restaurant has a nice decoration, a great location and a good treatment confirm. That is why it is one of the places to visit in the capital of Almeria.
The Mala tortilla shop
First of all, to enter La Mala tortilleria is to enter the world of Tura Satana. Who is a Japanese actress turned classic of the American B movies of the 60s. Because she is the thread of a very different space in Almeria.
Since 2012 this restaurant of Spanish cuisine is mixed with international proposals.
Besides, the house specialty is tortillas. The best one is the truffle, but there are also gorgonzola cheese, octopus, sea urchin and seaweed… up to 15 varieties for a menu that is completed with a raw food cuisine.
If there’s a classic place in Almeria, it’s Casa Puga. Running since 1870 by Juan Puga Antequera and María López Romero. That is why it is one of the essential places of Almeria’s gastronomy.
Artichokes with anchovy, mojama with fried almonds, red prawns, grilled kidneys and also fried fish are its dishes.
In addition its decoration is excellent with photos, memories, newspaper clippings and a multitude of objects populate its walls. These do not change over time.
Many Hollywood actors have also passed through here, as well as the cast of Game of Thrones.