El Ejido is a city in the province of Almeria, autonomous community of Andalusia. Within the province it is in the region of Poniente. It is also the third most populated municipality in the province of Almeria.
The tourism in the coastal strip of the municipality stands out, especially in La Balerma and Almerimar, with a marina and the golf course Almerimar.
Its name refers to the communal field, which is on the outskirts of the town. In which the cattle was gathered, or the threshing floors were established.
Etymologically, it comes from the Latin exitum, “exit to the field”, whose low Latin form derived in: Exitu “exit”.
A little history of El Ejido
There are archaeological finds from the Copper Age. And there are also remains from the Roman era. Of which the civitas stipendiaria of Murgi dates. In addition to the Roman period there is a funeral monument of Daimun. Which is also the symbol of the city since 2008.
Also in the Muslim period it belonged to the Taha of Dalias. The flat land was a grazing ground for the transhumant sheep and goats of the Alpujarras of Almería. In addition to the 13th and 14th centuries are the cisterns, watering holes and the ditches from the stream of Celin.
After the War of Granada only the herds under the jurisdiction of the city of Granada were allowed to graze in the Campo de Dalías.
In the Modern Age after the expulsion of the Moors the Alpujarras are a special repopulation area. For this reason they were under strict control. In addition the threat of Turkish and Berber pirates, and other factors make this area does not get to repopulate satisfactorily.
Later, in the 18th century, Dalías was a place of royalty and this nucleus did concentrate population. Because it was an agricultural and livestock bureaucratic centre. However, the current El Ejido in Campo de Dalías was mainly made up of the current population and farmhouses dedicated to subsistence agriculture and grazing.
Also from the 18th century, several defensive constructions stand out, such as La Torre de Balerma to protect from the English and Dutch navy. And also the other part of the defensive system that are the Tower of Punta Entinas Sabinar and the Tower of Cerrillos. Together with the Castillo de Guardias Viejas, also from the 18th century.
In the middle of the 20th century the National Institute of Colonization approved the General Plan for the Colonization of Campo de Dalías. This is why San Agustín and Las Norias de Daza were developed. The settlers arrive in 1956. As a result, in the mid-20th century the Ejido had just over 3,000 inhabitants.
At this time, several improvements were made in agriculture, the biggest example being the use of plastic greenhouses. From then on, El Ejido became the greatest exponent of intensive agriculture in Almeria. That is why the primary sector is developed and becomes a generator of prosperity and employment.
In 1981 the capital of the municipality of Dalías was moved to El Ejido. In 1982 the towns of Dalías and Celín were separated to become an independent municipality.
Currently the greenhouse area of El Ejido and the rest of the western part of Almeria is known as La Huerta de Europa. But it is also called “The Sea of Plastic” because the large extension of greenhouses is visible from space. The NASA certificated this fact with a satelite.
The Coat of Arms of the city
The coat of arms of El Ejido was commissioned on January 7, 1983 by the historian Mayor José Luis Ruz Márquez. He proposed the funeral monument of Daimún, in memory of its distant origin. Also with some waves, in allusion to the Mediterranean Sea, the path of civilizations and with which it shares a long border, and the inscription MURGI. Because this was the name of the Roman city that existed in El Ejido. Everything on sinople field, green, homage to the splendid agricultural present that has allowed the rebirth of the city.
For all its history, its climate and its people it is a place worth visiting. As well as the whole province of Almeria.
Weather El Ejido
El Ejido is dominated by the local steppe climate. There is little rainfall throughout the year. This location is classified as BSk by Köppen and Geiger. In El Ejido, the average annual temperature is 17.8 ° C. The average rainfall is approximately 260 mm.
The driest month is July, with 2 mm. The highest amount of precipitation occurs in January, with an average of 36 mm.
The hottest month of the year with an average temperature of 25.5 °C in August. The lowest average temperatures of the year occur in January, when it is around 11.2 ° C.
Gastronomy of El Ejido
El Ejido has a delicuous and rich cuisine with gourmets tapas but also dishes from the Alpujarras. Due to its location El Ejido has influence of the healthy cuisine based on the Mediterranean diet, which contains a lot of locally tropical fruits and vegetables worldwide. Moreover , El Ejido is known as a fishing town providing its with a wide assortment of fish, in the most typical dishes of the Almeria coast. We might also mention the large diversity of international well known restaurants you can find in El Ejido.
What to visit in El Ejido
Punta Entinas Sabinar
Located between Playa Serena (Roquetas de Mar) and Almerimar it is classified with a double protection by the Regional Government of Andalusia : Natural Area and Nature Reserve. Punta Entinas Sabinar covers more than 2,470 hectares and It is famous known for its great faunal , botanical and landscape values.
Castillo de Guardias Viejas
is located in the municipality of El Ejido, Almería specifically in the town Los Baños de Guardias Viejas. The castle was built in 1769 , on low rise of the Mediterranean Sea. Actually is owned by the Government of Andalusia. It was refixed in 1980. A lot of events are celebrated in the Castle such as the Creamfields Andalucia and The Natural Music Festival
Puerto Deportivo Almerimar
One of the largest infrastructures in Europe is Almerimar Marina with more than 1,100 moorings spots for boats and of all the different depths.